Research Plan and Procedures

  1. Each editor subjected his or her fragment(s) to a thorough analysis.
  2. Each scroll is digitally photographed.
  3. In addition to the assigned editor, the paleography of each fragment was also examined by both Professor Emile Puech of the École Biblique et Archaeologique Francaise and the late Mrs. Ada Yardeni of Hebrew University.
  4. Ira Rabin and her team at the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung in Berlin tested the ink and chemical makeup of all nine of the previously unpublished SWBTS fragments.
  5. The decision was made to not subject the fragments to carbon-14 dating due to their small size and the fact that it is relatively easy to obtain blank pieces of ancient leather, parchment, or papyrus in order to forge an ancient document, which could thus yield misleading authentic results.
  6. The fragments are also undergoing a thorough text-critical analysis so that any anomalies in orthography, morphology, or variants will be uncovered and investigated.

Research Updates

In the spirit of academic integrity, the Tandy Institute for Archaeology wishes to be transparent in its procedures and research results, all of which will be laid out in detail in the final publication. Until that time, the research results that can be made public without compromising the publications will be posted here.



Loveless, G. and S. Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible: Ancient Artifacts, Timeless Treasures. Exhibit Catalogue. Fort Worth, TX: Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2012.

Patterson, A. Much Clean Paper for Little Dirty Paper: The Dead Sea Scrolls and The Texas Musâwama. Collierville, TN: Innovo Publishing, 2012.